What is Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus or as it is more commonly known, is a chronic disease that is characterized by elevated blood sugar levels in the body. Elevated blood sugar levels – hyperglycemia, leading to damage and complications of the cardiovascular, nervous, visual and other systems. Therefore, diabetes is a chronic illness which eventually leads to impairment of the whole organism. The consequences of the disease are durable, but early diagnosis and good control of blood sugar can prevent them.
There are two main types of diabetes:
The main difference between the two types of diabetes is associated with the production and the body’s sensitivity to insulin hormone produced by the group of cells of the pancreas.
TYPE 2 DIABETES REVIEW
- It occurs most often in people over 30 years
- Heredity 30% of cases;
- HIGHER RATE SPREAD;
- Discreet and unobtrusive the first symptom;
- Lack auto antibodies;
- Non-insulin dependent;
The disease is controlled by diet and weight reduction; Accepted TABLETS blood sugar control; Insulin treatment only as last resort.
In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin, but it is not sufficient to maintain blood sugar (glucose) in the normal range. Glucose cannot enter the cells and the concentration thereof remains persistently elevated in the blood. The main reason in the early stages of the disease shows reduced sensitivity of the body’s cells to insulin it produces. At a later stage of the disease was added and insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas.
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by a stage of prediabetes. This is a condition in which blood sugar levels are elevated, but not enough to be diagnosed as suffering from type 2 diabetes. Many people with type 2 diabetes previously spent years in a state of prediabetes state. Do view the detailed info on vidadsmedia.com video below
Screening and Diagnosis of diabetes type 2
The detection of diabetes in pre diabetic phase (prediabetes) is essential to the early initiation of treatment and prevention of later complications. The aim of the screening is for patients without overt signs of diabetes mellitus who meet diagnostic criteria. Initial prophylaxis of type 2 diabetes mellitus includes an adjustment of risk factors and monitoring of risk groups.
The most appropriate screening test is the study of blood sugar – casual, fasting or after a meal.
Remember that positive screening test is not evidence of diabetes, but it indicates a risk for the appearance of diabetes mellitus. We have to make repeat testing to diagnose diabetes.
Diabetes diagnosis is made on the basis of symptoms, and the blood-sugar concentration.
Blood glucose was investigated in the fasted state. An important condition is not to accept food 8 hours before the examination. The diagnosis is certain, if two consecutive measurements of blood sugar values exceed 7 mmol / l. Value below 6.1 mmol / l means is normal 6.1 mmol / l, and 7 mmol/l are referred to as “impaired fasting glycaemia.”
Besides standard testing of blood sugar, fasting is carried out and glucose tolerance test as well. The classic glucose tolerance test involves measuring the fasting of blood sugar, followed by intake of 75 g of dissolved glucose and blood glucose measurements every half hour to three hours. In healthy people, blood glucose level rises and falls relatively quickly. In patients with diabetes mellitus or impaired glucose tolerance readings of blood glucose levels are higher and fall more slowly.
The interpretation of the results of the study is usually done by a specialist (endocrinologist).
Which indicator is most accurate in tracking and control of the disease?
Maintaining normal blood glucose levels is key to slowing the progression of the disease and reduce complications of diabetes mellitus type 2. In addition to instantaneous measurement of blood sugar levels, an indicator of long-term disease control is glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), which explores two -3 times a year. Glycated hemoglobin is an indicator of how good was the control of blood glucose level over time – gives an idea of average blood sugar level four months ago 8. The aim of good glycemic control is to maintain the level of this indicator in 6.5 – 7.0%.
About 60% of diabetics unfortunately fail to reach these acceptable levels of blood sugar, putting them at risk of developing a number of serious complications. Vidadsmedia.com has a video above and trusted medical suppliers to review most cases, check the video tutorial for more information.